Throughout history, there has been a creative trend in people and the population as far as plants are concerned, their natural growth and their beauty have always caused fascination and passion for people which has shaped what is known as gardens. In favor of the use of plants, flowers, vegetables, and agriculture in general, the concept of gardens was shaped and its different functions, with decorative motifs, use and even protection against threats. It is therefore that in the different gardens, there are certain components that are a direct part of them, the tendency that the gardens may have, the uses that are going to be given to the gardens, and everything pertinent to define the type of the gardens of which it was.
But first it is important to know:
What are the gardens?
The gardens, etymologically come from the French garden, which is the French word for the vegetable garden. Therefore it is an area of land where plant species are grown, with the addition of elements such as fountains or sculptures that add a decorative and functional meaning to the gardens in question. Formerly it was known as a flower garden to distinguish it from vegetable gardens, by adopting the French vocabulary word it was much easier to distinguish them.
The objective of the gardens:
The gardens that have a non-economic purpose, for aesthetic pleasure one could say, since time immemorial, particularly an example are the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, considered a wonder of the ancient world exemplifies what has been said about the leisure tradition since ancient times. It must be taken into account that the gardens incorporate natural and synthetic materials made by man, although according to the trend and style the gardens will be different, Western gardens are predominantly based on plants, but oriental gardens hardly use them or do not use them at all. Zoos, parks that exhibit animals in simulations of their natural habitats, were formerly called zoological gardens.
It is then where a style of gardens comes to be that of the rustic garden, with which it is possible to approximate the freshness of the countryside to the home. Although it is difficult to give a definitive definition of this type of garden, it can be said that they have rural and native elements as basic components. The rustic gardens have an autochthonous tendency to the area where they are since the first idea for the design of them must be a free space, like what one would find in the countryside. Therefore it is always suggested to resort to materials from the same area: stones, woods and native plant species. It is then that some of the materials and species for this type of gardens need to create an image of the field, for this it will be necessary that the materials and plants come from the environment around the house. Accessories such as stone and wood are also recommended, and elements that are or imitate the predominant raw materials in the nature of the area.
The floors, walls, and walls are taken care of so that they do not hit the environment, and sources, orchards, agricultural tools, among other things, are added.
Ordination and form
If we talk about the arrangement or the shape of the garden, it is important to understand that rustic gardens have no form or pretend to do so. This means that among the amalgam that is sought to achieve, it seeks to close the form or draw attention from the garden. The order or balance is not present, it is about being capricious as nature and maintaining a chaotic order if it is necessary to define the trend of rustic gardens. This type of gardens are open, large, give comfort and you can perform activities of the rural environment, gardening, and garden, rest, walk, among others. It is possible to admit a minimum ordered octagonal, with curves, capricious forms, and games that denote freedom in the area in question of the rustic gardens. This type of curves and shapes should be soft, inspiring nature and slow formation. Geometric stays break with this kind of trends, so they are not suggested.
The search for these trends also allows us to say that maintenance should be minimal so that nature itself embraces rustic gardens and adds beauty to the mix. There should not be exaggerated geometric parts or limitations by synthetic or artificial means. For maintenance you should know that it hardly requires work, the most complete is the organization and installation of the same, the objective being autonomous maintenance by the rustic gardens, staying as the surrounding landscapes. Although this is the objective, constant supervision must occur, the garden must be delimited as far as its plantations are concerned in order to avoid that they eat or interfere in their growth among them.
Planning is key
The pruning must be almost null, only for cleaning, the shape of the plant elements must be eminently natural. Therefore, the growth of the plants should be controlled but not organize or grant an aesthetic different from the one that should have naturally.
Irrigation, in the same way, must be intensive at the beginning, at least for the first two years and with the passage of time the use of resources will be reduced so that the rustic gardens maintain themselves with rainwater.
Another key point is the color that provides the plant species, a harmony in colors is the best option, avoiding contrasts that separate the natural environment. This creates very subtle effects and specialties that provide identity.