Garden design: the best guidelines and advice

Garden design

The garden is one of the spaces in our house that requires more planning when it comes to setting it up. It can be a challenge, but you also do not have to be an expert in garden design to have a well-planned one.

This area, when it is well ordered and decorated, gives a very different vision to the whole house. In addition, it will provide us with a space of comfort and relaxation for those moments that we want to rest from the routine.

Also, the garden can serve as a recreation space for the family, as well as meeting with friends. So, having it well decorated will always be a necessity, to make a good impression.

As for the design of gardens, there are a lot of ideas and combinations that can be used. If you have nothing in mind, this entry is perfect for you, you will know some tips for this.

Most common styles of garden designs

There are 3 types of styles to decorate gardens, which are the most used and recognized in this world.

Formal gardensGarden design

The gardens with formal style, are indicated for those people who love order and harmony. Spaces designed in this way tend to have some specific characteristics that define them.

Commonly, their spaces are differentiated by objects arranged in a straight line, as well as uniform plantations. They tend to include some structures with elegant features, such as fountains with some statue in them.

As for the plants that can be found in these, are the short hedges. Since, in this way, it is easier to observe all the space of the garden, from any point of this.

This style of garden design is recommended, it is mostly, for houses that do not have much space in your yard. In small spaces, the symmetrical order always looks much better.

Informal gardens

Being informal does not mean that they must be disorganized and unplanned. With informal means that has an asymmetric order, well planned, which generates relaxation and tranquility for some.

This style looks much better in gardens that have a large space to place decorations. In large spaces, curves and less elegant objects stand out better.

In this style of garden design, it is customary to mix plantings of food, with some flowers and decorative plants. In addition, the form of the sowings is not rectilinear, giving way to the informal.

Naturalistic gardensGarden design

This is the least “orderly” style of garden design for those on this list. This because they tend to have a wilder approach, giving way to more plants than objects.

Commonly the decoration of these spaces is made from plants and flowers, giving little use to inorganic materials. It is a style used by people who are more lovers of nature than anything else.

For this type of individuals, peace and tranquility is found in nature. So they try to set their gardens as wild as possible, to have the feeling of relaxation sought.

The naturalist gardens are characterized by their great variety of floral species, as well as sizes and shapes. Also, they usually have an informal symmetry in terms of their colors, this being the most striking.

Among the inorganic decorative ornaments that can be found in naturalistic gardens, are the fountains. There are some sources with cascade designs or waterfall on stones, perfect for the naturalistic style you want to give.

Factors to take into account for the design of gardens

Before starting to decorate the garden, you must keep in mind, clearly, each of the factors that influence this. The zone, the climate, the condition of the earth, space, plants, forms, are all important factors.

You must have previously chosen, one of the styles of garden design, the one that best suits our tastes. After this, you have to create a good plan, in terms of the space available and the condition of the garden floor.


The place where we live is going to directly influence our garden, so it is important to take this factor into account. Depending on the climate, some plants can grow healthy and colorful, while others will die quickly.

The first thing we must do is to inform ourselves about which plants and flowers grow best in our region. This will help us in the task of designing our garden in the most beautiful and harmonious way.

The best thing to do is ask for expert advice. In the city, there are always flower shops, where there are workers better prepared in the matter. We must approach them and ask for recommendations.

If you want to do it on your own, these stores also have very useful catalogs and books. On the internet, you can also get many magazines and blogs with this specific content.

Conditions of the earth

This is a factor that people tend to overlook, thinking that it does not influence the decoration. But, if analyzed well, the land of our garden plays an extremely important role.

The earth, depending on where it is located, can vary in its PH level. In some places, the pH of the earth may be acidic, while in other areas it may be alkaline.

Another factor that must be taken into account, with respect to soil condition, is its consistency. There are soils that can be clay, you can also get some very solid, while others are sandy.

Something that also has to be pending, is to check the drainage quality of the soil in our garden. This can serve as a basis to conclude if this space has humidity or dry conditions.

If you have dirt with a lot of dryness, the most recommended is to create or buy some compost and spread it. This is a mixture, which in addition to helping plants to grow, also provides moisture and helps with soil drainage.

Natural light and artificial light

These are two factors that work separately. But that also, in turn, complement each other, because it is about lighting. That is why they are stated here as a single influential factor.

It is extremely important to study our garden, in terms of places that receive more sunlight during the day. Creating a written scheme that reflects the area with more exposure, with medium, and with no sunlight.

With this, we will know which places in our garden we will be able to plant certain flowers that grow better depending on this factor. To learn more about this, we can go to a florist shop and see the catalogs.

As for artificial light, you also have to know where some lamps can be placed. In addition, there are flowers and plants that need heat to survive, so a warm bulb is a solution for the coldest nights.

Good planning should be created when locating the best places to place light bulbs. It is always recommended to put them in places as far as possible from the meeting spaces.

This is because artificial light often bothers a lot when it is very close to us. It will be best to install well-placed lighting poles, as well as some lamps on the walls.

Forms of the elements

In the world of garden design, the shapes of the elements that make them play an important role. As stated above, if you are a lover of order, straight forms are for you. While the curves go more with other people.

It must be tried that the forms that are chosen, keep a specific harmony in our garden. Neither do we want places, where you can transit, are interrupted by poor planning of forms.

This factor will determine both the style and the essence of our garden, as well as give it character. Everything will depend on our own personal tastes.

We must try to give shape to our garden, maintaining a specific order so as not to create visual disorder. The facade and the surroundings of our house can also be of great help in making a decision.

Plants and flowers

Without a doubt, this is the most important factor, of all those that have been mentioned in this post. What is a garden without a good variety of plants and flowers, which provide the essence of nature?

Therefore, the choice of plants and flowers that we will plant in our garden, must be very thorough. You have to take into account the sizes, colors, and shapes of the flowers that we are going to have.

Creating a harmonic balance between size, color, and shape, we will give the perfect vision of our garden. Tall flowers generate high visual impact, while warm colors give relaxation essence.

Combining the colors, without creating so much messy contrast, is one of the best tips, for the design of gardens, that can be given.

Richard Brown

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