Having a garden at home or a large terrace allows you to plant certain products that we consume in our day to day. Foods like tomatoes or plums, spices like basil or thyme, or even tobacco. Yes, you can grow tobacco at home. It is a legal procedure and there is no limit to the amount that is grown at the moment. If you have time to devote to this activity, follow how to grow tobacco at home.
If you have decided that you want to try tobacco growing, there are certain conditions that you have to take into account. Apart from having ample space for their growth, you also have to know that it is a process that involves a lot of work, although it is relatively easy for the crop to be effective.
As we said above, it is totally legal to grow tobacco at home if it is for your own consumption, while if what you want is to get extra money, keep in mind that, in that case, they could fine you for growing tobacco. The sale of this plant can only be done by a tobacco company.
Now that you know this, before starting to grow this plant in your home, you have to take into account some factors. Apart from the ample space, which we have already mentioned, there are also climatic and soil conditions where you are going to cultivate which can have positive or negative effects on the plant and which can favor its growth or prevent it.
How to grow tobacco at home?
The Nicotiana sanderae is the species of tobacco plant most used today. It is considered a type quite resistant to adverse weather conditions, but still there are some factors that help its development.
The optimum temperature for its growth is between 20 and 30 ºC. It can sprout in any type of soil, it is best to be rich in nutrients, especially in minerals, and also drain easily. It is also important, in the case that you have children or pets, that you bear in mind that it is a toxic plant if it is ingested and that the seeds usually invade easily all the land surrounding the crop, therefore, if you want to grow more plants or you have crops nearby, be very careful.
Plant tobacco seeds at home
The best time to start tobacco growing is mid-winter, as flowering occurs from the beginning of July to the end of September. For the tobacco plant to grow properly it is not recommended that you plant the seed directly on a large surface. First, it must germinate and grow in a nursery:
- Get a seedbed and fertilizer rich in nutrients.
- You can also add earthworm humus, which has an extra supply of minerals.
- Mix the compost with the hummus in a bowl until the mixture is homogeneous and then fill the seedbed.
- When you have finished, throw the seeds of tobacco. Do not throw a large amount, even if they are small, because if they do not have more difficulty to grow comfortably. Also, do not cover them with earth, because they need light to germinate.
- Keep the seedbed indoors for 5 or 6 weeks, until the buds are between 2 and 3 centimeters high and ready to be transplanted into a large pot.
- Do not forget to water every day keeping the soil moist but not soaked. When you do, avoid spraying the leaves directly, so there is no risk of breaking them.
Plant the tobacco in a large pot
For there to be more chances that the crop is effective. It is recommended that, before transplanting to our garden or orchard, let them spend time in a larger pot. So, the roots grow, become stronger and can develop better when we take them to the garden:
- As in the previous step, we will make a homogenous mixture of fertilizer and earthworm humus and place it in the chosen pot.
- Take the buds out of the nursery carefully and, with a small rake (if you can not use a fork), remove most of the soil surrounding the roots without breaking any.
- Then place them inside the large pot, with a minimum space of 4 centimeters between each one (if it is a single pot).
- Finally, cover the roots with more mixture.
Keep the plants for another month inside the house, watering them in the same way as we explained in the previous step.
Transplant the tobacco plant into the garden or orchard
When 4 weeks have passed, it is time to transplant the shoots to your garden or garden. To do so, you must follow these steps:
- First, choose those larger plants. The others may be a little more in the pot.
- Choose a place that gives sunlight almost all day.
- Then, plant them leaving a space of 60 centimeters between them.
- We recommend that you use fertilizer. You can use any that is suitable for foods such as tomatoes or potatoes. As we explained before, it is a plant that consumes a large number of nutrients.
We also advise that the first week after transplanting the plants to the outside, keep the watering every day, but do not soak the soil, just moistening it. After those first 7 days, you can more space the irrigation, depending on the humidity of the earth.
When to pick up tobacco leaves?
Normally, after four months of planting the tobacco plants in the garden, it is time to collect the leaves. You will notice because they will be large and slightly yellowed. To increase their size, we recommend that you remove the flowers before proceeding with drying or curing. Then, follow these steps:
- Keep the leaves together and cut the stem. This will prevent the leaves from breaking.
- Separate the leaves one by one for the curing process, necessary to make the tobacco smoother.
- Do it in a room that stays well ventilated, with a temperature between 25 and 35 degrees and a humidity of 70%.
- Finally, wait between 4 and 6 months, depending on how intense you like tobacco.
Keep in mind that if the conditions are not right, the leaves will heal too quickly. So, the tobacco will be too strong, or too slow and may rot. It is important that all factors are correct.