In this article, we are going to present to you several of the different styles of gardens that you can find all over the world. Each one has a very characteristic style that we hope you can recognize easily thanks to these simple descriptions that may help you improve your own garden.
Keep reading and discover 11 types of gardens from various parts of the world, their names, characteristics. Which one do you like the most?
11 types of gardens
The English gardens are characterized by creating environments that resemble completely natural landscapes. In their effort to achieve this feeling, they work to the smallest detail so that the gardens adapt to urban environments. One of its main characteristics is the use of water as a central element . Lakes, ponds and fountains are used as part of a wilder and more natural landscape. The hedges are pruned just enough so that they do not invade too much, but as delimiters of the paths that lead to discover the unique corners of the garden.
The French gardens are based on the geometry. Each element is located in harmony with the rest in search of precise vanishing points to give a feeling of spaciousness.
Hedges and other plant elements are treated to achieve the desired shape. Water is also a fundamental element in the French garden, used both in large fountains and in small fountains. Being low gardens, always have an elevated area, preferably a balcony, to be observed in detail.
The Arabs designed these gardens to enjoy the sound of water and long walks surrounded by aromatic plants and flowers. It is a place created for reflection, so its spaces are behind narrow passages and lattices. Water is the main element of the garden.
The Arab garden is found in the large central ditches, fountains and fountains, always accompanied by structures such as arched doors and vaults, all decorated with colorful tiles and other pieces carved on the stone.
The function of the Mediterranean garden is to protect from heat, so typical plants of the region that are resistant to heat and lack of water are used. For this reason, trees with a globular crown are sought to obtain as much shade as possible. It is also common to see fruit trees and seedlings with aromatic plants, such as rosemary. The structural elements are usually painted white.
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The Japanese garden is one of the most valued for its complexity and searches for perfection when it comes to recreate natural areas typical of large forests and mountains in small spaces.
The fundamental elements are rocks, water and vegetation that is allowed to grow naturally. In addition, the architectural elements are introduced into the garden looking for harmony with the landscape . Hence, there is a close relationship between the bridges that cross the lagoons, or the tea houses that are arranged after a walk among the trees and shrubs of the garden. Another special feature are the zen elements, which are placed to maximize the feeling of peace and reflection
Feng Shui Garden
The gardens Feng Shui , also known as Zen gardens, seeking a balance between buildings and landscape. Therefore, in this search for the meaning and symbolism of each element that composes it, everything must be placed in the correct direction and space. In addition, it is sought that each element of the garden is highlighted at the same level as the rest, so we can not speak of a greater presence of water, rocks or plants, but of complete harmony in order to achieve a space for reflection and meditation.
Created in order to provide a green space in overcrowded cities, vertical gardens need the same care as conventional ones. However, they are much more versatile when placed, both outdoors and indoors.
In the same way, the plants in vertical gardens do not suffer at the time of rooting in a vertical way, you only need to root the plants between the two sheets of fibrous component and fix them to the wall where they will be placed. All kinds of plants can be used, but for beginners, crass and aromatic plants are recommended.
Sustainable or xerophilous garden
The sustainable gardens seek, through the use of techniques and resources to achieve efficient plant growth without consuming much space and not much care method. The aim is to achieve the reproduction of the different species of plants, usually of autochthonous and xerophilous species, in order to increase the percentage of humidity in the area. These gardens should not need irrigation or pruning, they should be completely self-sufficient with the selection of plants chosen for them.
This is another one of the types of gardens that are composed entirely of plants capable of adapting to low irrigation conditions and that only need the rainwater supply for their growth . For this, it is recommended to plow and oxygenate the earth used for its creation to favor the growth of the plants. In the same way, it is common to find desert plants and trees with large or globose canopies, as in the Mediterranean garden, to save the rest of the species that make up the garden from the heat.
Through a choice of suitable plants, tropical gardens can be recreated in any area, although it is recommended that they are built in preferentially humid zones and stable temperatures. They differ from other gardens by providing dense areas of vegetation, with colorful plants and large leaves that are found in a disorderly way forming small paths in shade. They do not need pruning since they look for a sensation of wild nature. The use of ponds is also recommended.
Water gardens are created around a pond, but this does not mean that we can only use aquatic plants. The intention of this type of gardens is the creation of a small aquatic ecosystem where it is natural to also include animal species such as fish (such as carps), small reptiles (such as some species of turtles) and amphibians (such as some species of frogs). In addition, to use typical riparian plants, it is recommended to use fleshy and aromatic plants to favor the sensation of freshness.